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The basic element for all fabrics is fiber. These fibers can be natural or manufactured. Majority of the natural fibers produced come from plants and cotton represents the bulk of the natural fiber used. The soft and absorbent fabrics that cotton fibers produce make it a constant favorite for clothing and towels manufacturing. Linen is another fabric from the natural fibers of the flax plant. It is commonly used for napkins and tablecloths because of its durability and toughness. The chief animal fiber for textile production is wool. Sheep provides a large amount of wool but goats and camels are other sources of wool. Silk makes up one of the foremost splendid fabrics known to man. It comes from silkworms, specifically, the cocoons that the worms have spun. Fabrics of silk fibers have a characteristic softness and gleam that makes it a favorite for scarves and neckties. 
Manufactured fibers like rayon and acetate comes from wood pulp and linters, which are the discarded remains of cottonseeds. Rayon and acetate are usually used for clothing and upholstery since the former resembles the characteristics of cotton and the latter makes absorbent fabrics. Petrochemicals are altogether a different kind of manufactured fiber. It is made from gas and crude oil. The principal fibers made from petrochemicals are nylon, polyester, acrylic and olefin. General characteristics of these fibers include exceptional strength, wrinkle resistant and easy to wash. Some of the uses of these fibers are as indoor or outdoor carpets, winter wear and blankets.

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