Textiles / Tools

Textiles [4]

The traditional way of textile production, which was used for hundreds of years was through the manual twisting and pressing of fibers into yarns and then merging, entwining or knitting yarns into a fabric. In the modern times, machinery in the textile mills can make fabrics in less time and effort.  
Fabric production starts on a rack or creel where the spools of yarn are placed. The creel spins while it’s being fed to a roller that is positioned on a knitting machine. Depending on their clients, the manufacturer will produce woven or knitted fabrics in varying dimensions and sizes. The general rule is that a mill will focus on one of the four basic fabric products. They will specialize on hosiery, underwear, outerwear and sweaters.
Designs on the fabrics are printed using roller printing where designs are deeply engraved on the surface of rollers. Another way to print designs on fabrics is by screen-printing, this is very similar to using stencil to print the pattern. The last method of printing designs is by rotary screen-printing. This process uses porous rollers that fit in cylindrical screens in order to print the design onto the fabric.

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